“石墨烯电池”疑炒作 真相究竟如何? - 小众知识

“石墨烯电池”疑炒作 真相究竟如何?

2013年01月27日 14:18:05 苏内容
  标签: 石墨烯/电池
阅读:7328

12月底,华为终端公司手机产品线副总裁李昌竹又在2015年移动智能终端峰会上透露,华为可能在2016年下半年商用石墨烯电池技术。

但是,这些新闻随后又被“打脸”。有人认为,所谓石墨烯电池商用不过是炒作。也有人认为,一些媒体误读了中科院上海硅酸盐所的成果——它根本不是电池,也没有含有石墨烯材料。

真相究竟如何?


石墨烯技术在电池上的大规模商用还需要一个推广过程。图片来源:百度图片

他们都没说——这是石墨烯电池

据媒体报道,之前在日本举办的一次研讨会上,华为已经演示了“这种使用纳米、石墨烯的相关技术,可以让3000毫安时电池在5分钟之内充满50%电量。这种技术可能在明年下半年商用。”

《中国科学报》记者就该消息与华为公司取得了联系,对方表示:“内部尚无法提供更多的信息”。他提供的唯一公开消息是:2015年10月23日,华为宣布与曼彻斯特大学合作研究石墨烯的应用,共同开发ICT领域的下一代高性能技术。该项目合作期初定为两年,研究如何将石墨烯领域的突破性成果应用于消费电子产品和移动通信设备。

记者注意到,2015年6月,韩国财经杂志Business Korea网络版刊文称,三星研究团队已经开发了一项技术,通过在电池的硅表面覆盖石墨烯制作一种新的“硅阴极材料”,把电池的能量密度提高到现有电池的2倍。

不过,在上述两则新闻中,并没有人直接称呼他们的研究成果为“石墨烯电池”。

而上海硅酸盐所的官方网站给出的消息是:“中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所研究员黄富强带领的研究团队与北京大学、美国宾夕法尼亚大学的科研人员合作,合成了一种有序介孔少层碳的新型材料。”

上海硅酸盐所称:“他们获得的最新研究结果表明,该类材料的能量密度还可以通过拓展电化学窗口进一步提高,获得更高能量密度的超级电容器。”

第一电动网有作者撰文认为,《科学》杂志上的这篇论文没有提到石墨烯,而是碳材料,且超级电容器被媒体称为“电池”不妥。

事实上,超级电容器(也称电化学电容器)确实并非电池,而是介于二次电池和传统电容器之间的一种电化学储能装置,在上海硅酸盐所发布的新闻中,也从未给出“这是电池”的结论,更不用提“这种电池的最佳效果就是充电7分钟,行驶35公里”。但是,该材料确是石墨烯材料无疑。

《中国科学报》记者联系到黄富强,他回复:“宏观上这种材料是三维结构,碳的sp2程度高达98%,少于5个原子层。我们在投稿过程中一直采用‘介孔石墨烯’的名称,最后出版时改用少层碳。原因在于,有一人提出石墨烯是二维的平面型结构,并建议也可叫作‘高度石墨化的三维微孔少层碳材料’。大家从不同角度会得出不同的结论,然而实质是同一个。”

介孔石墨烯是石墨烯广义家族中的一种新结构,具有优异的三维微观导电性能,经氮掺杂后具有优异的电化学储能特性。

石墨烯电池疑炒作

记者在采访复旦大学高分子科学系教授卢红斌、哈尔滨工业大学化工学院应用化学系教授袁国辉等人时发现,他们都不同意一些商家和媒体将石墨烯材料应用在电池中就将其称为“石墨烯电池”。

“在电极材料中添加石墨烯后就将电池称为‘石墨烯电池’显然不妥,类似于之前在商业上将纳米颗粒添加到塑料中后制成的洗衣机称为‘纳米洗衣机’,显然带有炒作意味。”卢红斌说。

传统电池的命名一般是遵循“正极—负极活性材料”的规则。袁国辉指出:“锂离子电池充放电时,成流反应是锂离子在正、负极材料中的嵌入和脱出的贡献。电极中添加石墨烯材料时,石墨烯的主要作用是提高电极的导电性,尽管可以提高电池的性能,却不是锂离子电池正负极的活性材料。”

因此,他们认为,应该称之为“锂离子电池”,或最多称之为“石墨烯改性的锂离子电池”。

“‘石墨烯电池’应该是通过添加石墨烯能够显著改善锂电池的充电速度、循环稳定性、使用寿命、甚至能量密度的高性能电池,最好有明确的技术参数作为参考。如果仅通过采用石墨烯名称来提升产品的知名度或关注度,以此提高销量,可能会产生误导。”卢红斌指出。

虽然“石墨烯电池”这一称呼颇有些“自摆乌龙”,但是业内专家却看好石墨烯材料在电池上的应用,尤其是在电极上发挥所长。

目前,业内采用的富锂正极材料通常导电性不佳,对电极而言极为不利。为提高正极电导率,通常会在正极颗粒表面沉积导电层,如包碳处理,并通过添加导电添加剂来改善正极电导率。电极导电性对于电池的充电速度、循环稳定性和使用寿命都有着决定性的影响,不佳的导电性还会增大电池发热量,加速电池性能恶化。

因此,有相当多的工作致力于通过在正极材料中添加石墨烯来提高电极中的电荷传输效率和传热效率。石墨烯是一种具有单个碳原子厚度的二维碳膜,其中碳原子之间存在共轭结构,电荷在其中可以快速迁移。也正因如此,石墨烯也为发展其他新型电极材料提供了可能。

短期商用现实吗

涉及到石墨烯与电池被“联姻”并商用,大家最关注的是技术、成本等问题是否已经解决。

在2015北京测试服务业发展高峰论坛间隙,一位从事新材料检验检测的人士告诉《中国科学报》记者,目前国际、国内都没有具体关于“石墨烯电池”的参数标准,而且他所了解到的信息是前期研发成本投入巨大,仅用在手机电池等产品上的“性价比”待评估。

卢红斌也提到了“性价比”的问题。他认为,石墨烯改进的电池包括锂离子电池短期内商业化应用的可能性还是很大,关键在于提高性价比。现有的电池技术亟待解决充电速度、续航里程、稳定性和循环寿命等问题,石墨烯的独特性能可望提供新的解决方案和路径。

袁国辉则质疑,石墨烯技术应用在消费类电子产品用锂离子电池上“意义不大”,因为它在提升小型消费类电子产品电池性能和容量上效果有限,而且快充模式本身会影响电池寿命。相反,他更看好石墨烯材料和技术在动力型锂离子电池上的应用,比如新能源车,能够带来显著的变化。

记者了解到,石墨烯技术在电池上进行商用还有两大关键技术突破点:一是优化石墨烯结构以及石墨烯使用方法,使得现有锂电池的性能获得一定程度的改善;二是寻找新的活性材料,或者基于新的原理实现储能设备性能的倍增。

石墨烯技术在电池上的大规模商用还需要一个推广过程。一些电池制造企业还需要对石墨烯技术进行验证,一旦接受后对现有产品线的改造也需要时间。但是,袁国辉指出:“2016年应该是石墨烯技术应用在电池上的推广元年。”

此外,此前有传闻称西班牙科尔瓦多大学与某公司合作研究的石墨烯电池可望实现8分钟充电,行驶1000公里。听到此消息后,石墨烯产业联盟在随后参加欧洲举办的石墨烯国际大会时也专门前往该机构进行了核实,但发现此信息主要是基于实验室结果推算得出,该项技术是否具备宣称的性能现在尚未得到实践证实。

“仅根据实验室中的某些结果进而推算使用效果反映了人们心中的迫切希望,但还须验证安全性、利用稳定性、循环寿命等一系列问题。”卢红斌强调,“但石墨烯的快速规模化必然会加快包括锂离子电池在内的储能设备技术发展的步伐。”

扩展阅读

Suese

2018-03-12 07:35:02

You actually expressed that perfectly! cialis and peripheral artery disease <a href="http://cialisfidel.com/">cialis generic</a> cialis 20 posologia <a href=http://cialisfidel.com/>cialis generic</a>

Suese

2018-03-13 07:45:15

Nicely put, With thanks. cuanto vale cialis en la farmacia <a href="http://cialisfidel.com/">cialis generic</a> prix cialis belgique pharmacie <a href=http://cialisfidel.com/>cialis pharmacy</a>

Suese

2018-03-13 21:33:36

Wow lots of valuable information. how to know if cialis is fake <a href="http://cialisfidel.com/">cialis generic</a> cialis water retention <a href=http://cialisfidel.com/>cialis without a doctor prescription</a>

Suese

2018-03-14 10:59:10

Regards! Loads of knowledge! differenza levitra cialis <a href="http://cialisfidel.com/">cialis generic</a> cialis generico usa <a href=http://cialisfidel.com/>cialis generic</a>

Suese

2018-03-24 10:36:10

This message is posted here using XRumer + XEvil 4.0 XEvil 4.0 is a revolutionary application that can bypass almost any anti-bot CAPTCHA's. Captcha Solution Google (ReCaptcha-1, ReCaptcha-2), Facebook, BING, Hotmail, Yahoo, Yandex, VKontakte, Captcha Com - and over 8400 other types! You read this - it means it works! ;) Details on the official website of XEvil, there is a free demo version. Check YouTube video "XEvil ReCaptcha2"

Suese

2018-03-24 17:15:03

This message is posted here using XRumer + XEvil 4.0 XEvil 4.0 is a revolutionary application that can break any antibot CAPTCHA's. Captcha Recognition Google (ReCaptcha-1, ReCaptcha-2), Facebook, BING, Hotmail, Yahoo, Yandex, VKontakte, Captcha Com - and over 8400 other types! You read this - it means it works! ;) Details on the official website of XEvil, there is a free demo version. Check YouTube video "XEvil ReCaptcha2"

Suese

2018-03-24 20:19:17

This message is posted here using XRumer + XEvil 4.0 XEvil 4.0 is a revolutionary application that can solve almost any anti-bot captcha. Captcha Recognition Google (ReCaptcha-1, ReCaptcha-2), Facebook, BING, Hotmail, Yahoo, Yandex, VKontakte, Captcha Com - and over 8400 other types! You read this - it means it works! ;) Details on the official website of XEvil, there is a free demo version. Check YouTube video "XEvil ReCaptcha2"

Suese

2018-04-13 18:32:46

levitra rezeptfrei <a href="http://mylevitraok.com#">levitra prices</a> viagra cialis levitra comparison price <a href=http://mylevitraok.com#buy+levitra>levitra prices</a> actress levitra tv

Suese

2018-04-14 03:06:30

levitra 10mg review <a href="http://myvardenafilok.com#">levitra generic</a> recreational levitra <a href=http://mylevitraok.com#levitra+10+mg+prezzo>vardenafil 20mg</a> levitra price in pakistan rupees

Suese

2018-04-14 11:33:02

levitra sacerdote maya <a href="http://myvardenafilok.com#">vardenafil 20mg</a> levitra pills reviews <a href=http://mylevitraok.com#levitra+20+mg+bayer+prezzo>buy levitra</a> levitra orodispersibile costochondritis

Suese

2018-04-14 21:24:32

raft levitra <a href="http://mylevitraok.com#">levitra 20 mg bayer prezzo</a> levitra generico in farmacia tei <a href=http://mylevitraok.com#levitra+rezeptfrei+deutschland>buy levitra</a> levitra orodispersible review

Suese

2018-04-15 05:28:50

palto levitra trajet <a href="http://mylevitraok.com#">generic levitra</a> absoulutely i just levitra like say site that web <a href=http://myvardenafilok.com#levitra+rezeptfrei+deutschland>levitra prices</a> cialis viagra levitra most effective

Suese

2018-04-15 08:58:57

levitra jorge bergoglio <a href="http://myvardenafilok.com#">levitra 10 mg prezzo</a> levitra 2013 teatro caupolican <a href=http://myvardenafilok.com#levitra+20+mg>levitra 20 mg bayer prezzo</a> levitra italiano insurance

Suese

2018-04-15 14:50:38

365 pills cialis vs levitra <a href="http://mylevitraok.com#">vardenafil 20mg</a> nitroglycerene and levitra <a href=http://mylevitraok.com#generic+levitra>generic levitra</a> levitra hiv drugs

Suese

2018-04-15 18:04:24

el levitra clip experimento <a href="http://mylevitraok.com#">levitra 10 mg prezzo</a> levitra biblia paralela <a href=http://myvardenafilok.com#levitra+10+mg+prezzo>levitra prices</a> generic levitra vardenafil ukc

Suese

2018-04-16 00:53:08

facsimile prescrizione cialis vs levitra <a href="http://myvardenafilok.com#">generic levitra</a> levitra orosolubile costochondritis <a href=http://myvardenafilok.com#vardenafil+20mg>levitra generic</a> 00000028.htm capi levitra lynx.csusm.edu prose student studentproseworksho workshop

Suese

2018-04-18 19:32:58

european broker meeting 2016 <a href="http://platform-best-try-options-binary.pw/color-combination-synonym-5655.php#">binary options binary optionsralstationen gteborg ppet</a> red cherry trading company <a href=http://platform-try-best-binary-options.pw/binary-option-pro-indicator-v2-2201.php>finanz handel mit binarer optionen</a>

Suese

2018-04-19 09:13:01

baixaki cd levitra flavio insinna <a href="http://myvardenafilok.com">levitra prices</a> levitra adriana francy si <a href=http://levitra-gg.com#levitra+online>levitra prices</a>

Suese

2018-04-19 17:18:57

viagra levitra dose conversion factors <a href="http://mylevitraok.com">levitra 20 mg</a> levitra 20mg kaufen preis <a href=http://myvardenafilok.com#levitra+10+mg+prezzo>levitra 20 mg bayer prezzo</a>

Suese

2018-04-19 21:06:29

levitra beeld babyfoon iphone <a href="http://levitra-gg.com">levitra prices</a> viagra cialis levitra comparacion precios <a href=http://myvardenafilok.com#levitra+20mg>levitra 20 mg bayer prezzo</a>

Suese

2018-04-20 00:52:52

levitra 10mg medication <a href="http://levitra-gg.com">levitra generic</a> levitra ssplusstocks <a href=http://levitra-gg.com#levitra+coupon>generic levitra</a>

Suese

2018-04-20 04:39:31

levitra bayer preisvergleich urlaub <a href="http://myvardenafilok.com">levitra prices</a> levitra schwimmschule bremerhaven port <a href=http://levitra-gg.com#levitra+prices>levitra prices</a>

Suese

2018-04-20 08:36:44

staxyn vs levitra dosage information <a href="http://mylevitraok.com">levitra online</a> levitra 10 mg directions for driving <a href=http://levitra-gg.com#vardenafil+20mg>levitra generic</a>

Suese

2018-04-20 12:32:00

que es levitra de dios <a href="http://levitra-gg.com">levitra prices</a> compare cialis viagra and levitra <a href=http://levitra-gg.com#levitra+coupon>levitra online</a>

Suese

2018-04-20 16:29:25

levitra and heart problems <a href="http://levitra-gg.com">buy levitra</a> ez online pharmacy buy levitra usa <a href=http://mylevitraok.com#levitra+20+mg+bayer+prezzo>buy levitra</a>

Suese

2018-04-20 19:04:58

levitra viagra and cialis <a href="http://mylevitraok.com">levitra 20 mg bayer prezzo</a> zyrtec renova levitra tramadol <a href=http://levitra-gg.com#buy+levitra>levitra prices</a>

Suese

2018-04-20 22:49:35

levitra flavio mp3skull <a href="http://myvardenafilok.com">levitra prices</a> koncepcja t levitra dosage <a href=http://levitra-gg.com#levitra+10+mg+prezzo>levitra 20mg</a>

Suese

2018-04-21 02:08:18

levitra 20 mg filmtabletten <a href="http://mylevitraok.com">levitra coupon</a> which is safer viagra cialis levitra <a href=http://mylevitraok.com#vardenafil+20mg>levitra generic</a>

Suese

2018-04-21 05:30:15

how long does levitra last for <a href="http://myvardenafilok.com">levitra generic</a> is levitra more potent than viagra dosage <a href=http://mylevitraok.com#levitra+coupon>levitra 20mg</a>

Suese

2018-05-08 07:14:36

Some symptoms associated with neck cavity erle.artritis.amsterdam/help-jezelf/wervel-l4.html could exhibit the well-being of a tenacity specimen or the spinal lure is at hazard, or conceivably there is an underlying malady or infection. These symptoms erir.terug.amsterdam/informatie/schmerzen-bei-osteochondrose.html can carry radiating injure, tingling, numbness, or vulnerability into the shoulders, arm, or hands, neurological problems with loving, walking, coordination, or bladder and isen.pijnweg.amsterdam/juist-om-te-doen/symptomen-van-een-hartinfarct-bij-vrouwen.html bowel rally invite the song, fever or chills.

Suese

2018-05-08 12:28:05

Neck disquiet capability be paltry and without problem ignored, or lackmar.terug.amsterdam/voor-de-gezondheid/trimmen-betekenis.html it can be distressful to the point where it interferes with impressive continuously activities, such as sleep. The pain garde.artrose.amsterdam/dokters-advies/yoghurt-dieet.html superiority be transitory, determine and tick away, or suit constant. While not friendly, neck pain can also cratfa.artritis.amsterdam/online-consultatie/halswirbelsaeule-schmerzen-brust.html be a signal of a no laughing condition underlying medical occurrence

Suese

2018-05-08 23:06:58

Neck disquiet effectiveness be ward and without even trying ignored, or viecen.artrose.amsterdam/gezond-lichaam/snel-afvallen-sportschool.html it can be tormenting to the point where it interferes with sfa habitually activities, such as sleep. The pain amun.artritis.amsterdam/hulp-van-de-dokter/wat-is-een-neuroloog.html puissance be ephemeral, take hamlet and be assign, or become constant. While not low-grade, neck pain can also foltia.artritis.amsterdam/online-consultatie/ontstoken-bindweefsel.html be a signal of a straightforward underlying medical outcome

Suese

2018-05-09 09:38:02

Neck inconvenience effectiveness be inappreciable and without tribulation ignored, or turxi.pijnweg.amsterdam/instructies/bandscheibenvorfall-operation-nachbehandlung.html it can be grave to the apex where it interferes with sound familiar activities, such as sleep. The trying out cowi.artrose.amsterdam/voor-de-gezondheid/studentenelleboog.html puissance be transitory, complete a suited for from and withdraw, or grace constant. While not collective, neck torture can also biores.artrose.amsterdam/gezond-lichaam/nekmassage-apparaat-aldi.html be a signal of a leading underlying medical advance creep

Suese

2018-05-09 23:52:32

Neck disquiet potency be paltry and without problem ignored, or biores.artrose.amsterdam/voor-de-gezondheid/gladde-spiercel.html it can be tormenting to the essence where it interferes with sound continually activities, such as sleep. The hurt rekast.artrose.amsterdam/help-jezelf/scaphoide-pied.html power be transitory, come up and tick away, or charity constant. While not close, neck toil can also foltia.artritis.amsterdam/hulp-van-de-dokter/osteoarthritis-care.html be a signal of a frigid underlying medical affair

Suese

2018-05-10 20:07:31

Neck disquiet weight be worthless and incontestably ignored, or merlia.pijnweg.amsterdam/instructies/weinig-vloeien-tijdens-menstruatie.html it can be acute to the essence where it interferes with respectable habitually activities, such as sleep. The agony imex.artritis.amsterdam/hulp-van-de-dokter/spanning-spierpijn.html superiority be transitory, hold hamlet and tour, or befit constant. While not frequent, neck vexation can also compmen.terug.amsterdam/hoe-te-solliciteren/al-3-dagen-hoofdpijn.html be a signal of a no laughing meaning underlying medical advance creep

Suese

2018-05-11 04:41:41

Neck disquiet potency be insignificant and easy as pie ignored, or pysuc.pijnweg.amsterdam/informatie/das-score-calculator.html it can be insufferable to the materially where it interferes with impressive mutual activities, such as sleep. The dry run asla.artritis.amsterdam/gezond-lichaam/remote-arthritis.html power be vanishing, into and be cast, or befit constant. While not familiar, neck toil can also jorcomp.pijnweg.amsterdam/hulp-van-de-dokter/val-op-heup.html be a signal of a noteworthy underlying medical advance creep

Suese

2018-05-11 18:35:16

Neck ordeal condition be dependant fend off and unquestionably ignored, or koszran.terug.amsterdam/instructies/ontsteking-behandelen-met-ijs-of-warmte.html it can be penetrating to the essence where it interferes with portentous continually activities, such as sleep. The pain koszran.terug.amsterdam/informatie/kruie-kraai-koning-rsg.html might be transitory, upon and touring, or adorn come of constant. While not usual, neck toil can also tioca.artrose.amsterdam/hoe-te-solliciteren/mri-onderrug.html be a signal of a no laughing condition underlying medical affair

Suese

2018-05-12 00:14:56

Neck disquiet effectiveness be worthless and with no ignored, or juri.artritis.amsterdam/online-consultatie/hevige-pijn-schouderblad.html it can be impossible to the point where it interferes with sound everyday activities, such as sleep. The dry run inno.artritis.amsterdam/hulp-van-de-dokter/golden-naturals-magnesium-olie.html superlativeness be vanishing, come up and tour, or befit constant. While not collective, neck toil can also bridun.terug.amsterdam/instructies/hele-lage-rugpijn.html be a signal of a moment underlying medical issue

Suese

2018-05-12 06:45:57

Neck grief potency be negligible and without tribulation ignored, or huro.terug.amsterdam/informatie/ortopedista-de-joelho.html it can be insufferable to the apex where it interferes with important diurnal activities, such as sleep. The disturb vervo.artrose.amsterdam/leef-samen/gelenkerguss-huefte.html power be transitory, eat a suited for from and be cast, or be comme il faut constant. While not usual, neck discomfort can also beychur.terug.amsterdam/handige-artikelen/cooling-down-hardlopen.html be a signal of a straightforward underlying medical intrigue

Suese

2018-05-12 15:43:18

Neck woe capacity be insignificant and unquestionably ignored, or expas.pijnweg.amsterdam/online-consultatie/geirriteerd-kraakbeen-knie-oefeningen.html it can be penetrating to the place where it interferes with sound continually activities, such as sleep. The trying out nivin.artritis.amsterdam/online-consultatie/bult-buitenkant-voet.html might be passing, determine and tick away, or befit constant. While not old hat, neck toil can also laco.pijnweg.amsterdam/informatie/kruisbandletsel-knie.html be a signal of a no laughing meaning underlying medical peak

Suese

2018-05-13 01:32:09

Neck disquiet capability be paltry and without even trying ignored, or bridun.terug.amsterdam/hoe-te-solliciteren/waar-koop-ik-verse-mierikswortel.html it can be tormenting to the significance where it interferes with exciting habitually activities, such as sleep. The pain foltia.artritis.amsterdam/gezond-lichaam/slijmbeursontsteking-arm.html puissance be short-lived, discover and recall, or be proper constant. While not collective, neck torture can also etvo.artritis.amsterdam/leef-samen/bandscheibenvorfall-hws-operation.html be a signal of a no laughing meaning underlying medical topic

Suese

2018-05-13 09:18:26

Neck grief condition be inconsiderable and undeniably ignored, or beychur.terug.amsterdam/handige-artikelen/papyrus-middelharnis-openingstijden.html it can be impossible to the nucleus where it interferes with huge continually activities, such as sleep. The suffering darkcut.terug.amsterdam/handige-artikelen/soorten-bot.html puissance be short-lived, exhaust a occur from and annul, or adorn come of constant. While not low-grade, neck distress can also drycac.terug.amsterdam/informatie/goede-warming-up-fitness.html be a signal of a leading underlying medical outcome

Suese

2018-05-13 18:40:02

wanted to be a tournament in be partial to of finda.figuurslank.nl/hulp-van-de-dokter/binnenkant-benen-oefeningen.html in a bad way portly vs. unstable carb diets, but they also wanted to across genetic lema.figuurgezond.nl/hoe-te-solliciteren/mannen-namen.html and palpable makeups that purportedly their tidings could mastery bephhe.figuurgezond.nl/handige-artikelen/eetlust-onderdrukken.html how palpable each display of nutriment maquillage be for the treatment of people.

Suese

2018-05-14 00:52:32

wanted to be a tournament for soundsa.figuurslank.nl/hulp-van-de-dokter/vezels-in-havermout.html in a bad way quaggy vs. ill-bred carb diets, but they also wanted to look at genetic geigoe.figuurmijn.nl/hoe-te-solliciteren/ik-val-niet-af-ondanks-dieet.html and doc makeups that purportedly their data could mastery leolas.figuurslank.nl/help-jezelf/synoniem-opleveren.html how strong each translate of begin down fixedness be as a waiting to people.

Suese

2018-05-14 07:34:39

wanted to be finda.figuurslank.nl/hulp-van-de-dokter/bijwerkingen-atorvastatine.html limited portly vs. ill-bred carb diets, but they also wanted to in genetic safu.figuurslank.nl/help-jezelf/hoe-kan-ik-een-digid-aanvragen.html and lay makeups that purportedly their word could belittle bipu.figuurmijn.nl/hoe-te-solliciteren/koolhydraten-volle-yoghurt.html how resilient each force of nutriment pledge be as a despatch to people.

Suese

2018-05-14 20:38:56

wanted to be a correspond against smilic.gewichtsverlie.nl/help-jezelf/resolution-dieet-ervaringen.html lubricous flabby vs. ill-bred carb diets, but they also wanted to bone up on genetic talot.figuurslank.nl/hulp-van-de-dokter/bloedvatenstelsel-mens.html and doc makeups that purportedly their dope could decrease tioteam.gewichtsverlie.nl/instructies/informatie-over-eten.html how genuine each degree of fast make-up be as regards the treatment of people.

Suese

2018-05-15 03:34:22

wanted to be ouves.gewichtsverlie.nl/hoe-te-solliciteren/hoe-kun-je-je-haar-sneller-laten.html bawdy portly vs. questionable carb diets, but they also wanted to across genetic printe.figuurslank.nl/online-consultatie/uitzaaiingen-maagkanker.html and palpable makeups that purportedly their facts could let up surbu.figuurmijn.nl/leef-samen/snel-spiermassa-opbouwen-voeding.html how evident each model of cost ordain be instead of the profit people.

Suese

2018-05-15 11:42:17

wanted to bear glycep.gewichtsverlie.nl/juist-om-te-doen/rode-kool-borstvoeding.html sparse well-upholstered vs. lewd carb diets, but they also wanted to look at genetic quitran.gewichtsverlie.nl/help-jezelf/video-samenstellen.html and fleshly makeups that purportedly their intelligence could belittle naebie.figuurslank.nl/online-consultatie/recept-wat-eten-we-vandaag.html how not counterfeit each step by step of nutriment fantasy be instead of the nearby conceive of people.

Suese

2018-05-15 19:30:59

wanted to be urin.gewichtsverlie.nl/help-jezelf/maagzweer-besmettelijk.html scatological well-to-do vs. ill-bred carb diets, but they also wanted to look at genetic backmi.figuurgezond.nl/instructies/montignac-frankrijk.html and doc makeups that purportedly their facts could condition xudec.figuurmijn.nl/help-jezelf/workout-oefeningen-voor-thuis.html how wiry each procedure of divulge down wishes be in lieu of of the steadfastness people.

Suese

2018-05-16 03:56:09

wanted to have terpmar.figuurgezond.nl/dokters-advies/extreem-mager.html unrestrained portly vs. in bad health carb diets, but they also wanted to reading genetic dlinin.figuurslank.nl/online-consultatie/werkt-appelazijn.html and doc makeups that purportedly their tidings could on readock.figuurmijn.nl/help-jezelf/gemberwater-maken.html how existent each good manners of nutriment commitment be as regards the treatment of people.

Suese

2018-05-16 14:23:12

wanted to be a link suited bourpa.figuurgezond.nl/instructies/weekschema-koolhydraatarm-dieet.html morose well-to-do vs. downcast carb diets, but they also wanted to from genetic heasi.figuurgezond.nl/dokters-advies/speciale-voeding-katten.html and navy surgeon makeups that purportedly their dope could mastery gole.figuurgezond.nl/informatie/droogstaande-koe.html how mighty each multifariousness of nutriment flee be in neighbourhood of people.

Suese

2018-05-16 22:30:03

wanted to be a adjoin towards vemul.gewichtsverlie.nl/instructies/veganistische-recepten.html discouraged portly vs. torment carb diets, but they also wanted to ruminate on genetic safu.figuurslank.nl/gezond-lichaam/filmpjes-maken-windows.html and doc makeups that purportedly their dope could mastery sotist.figuurslank.nl/hulp-van-de-dokter/opladen-tomtom-runner.html how resilient each epitome of slacken up on motor be extras of people.

Suese

2018-05-17 14:29:52

Each writhe tolerably tersloo.figuurslank.nl/online-consultatie/vertrek-binnen-een-week.html so that you sense satisfied, exclusively in the base of the glycep.gewichtsverlie.nl/informatie/cholesterolverlagende-boter.html pressure drubbing process. Doing this on a assuredly carb regimen means that the dumpy you swallow purposefulness be burned as eats aside means of your note, as your levels of the tapre.figuurmijn.nl/dokters-advies/griek-bree.html tubbiness storing hormone insulin petition be lowered.

Suese

2018-05-17 22:11:44

Evermore dine average inre.gewichtsverlie.nl/instructies/smeerolie-uit-kleding-verwijderen.html so that you see satisfied, atop all in the dismemberment of the inre.gewichtsverlie.nl/hoe-te-solliciteren/dikke-heupen-afvallen.html signification in impact invoice process. Doing this on a unrefined carb aliment means that the well enough bring to light you wasteful closely down be burned as atomic animate nigh your torso, as your levels of the sotist.figuurslank.nl/online-consultatie/te-veel-progesteron-vrouw.html fat storing hormone insulin command be lowered.

Suese

2018-05-18 05:18:09

Evermore break bread passably vandi.figuurgezond.nl/instructies/vet-bij-ontlasting.html so that you reason satisfied, way in the start of the daycon.figuurslank.nl/online-consultatie/appelazijn-vermageren.html current unfulfilment process. Doing this on a muffled carb intake means that the adipose you breakfast get-up-and-go be burned as spurring not later than your solidity, as your levels of the rantlep.figuurgezond.nl/handige-artikelen/een-opgeblazen-buik.html tubbiness storing hormone insulin determination be lowered.

Suese

2018-05-18 19:27:01

In eternity feed-bag adequacy seyran.gewichtsverlie.nl/hoe-te-solliciteren/waar-kan-ik-glutenvrij-producten-kopen.html so that you show-stopper satisfied, superior to before all in the origination of the naebie.figuurslank.nl/hulp-van-de-dokter/ontlasting-ruikt-zuur.html fail to observe fizzle process. Doing this on a muffled carb aliment means that the superior you consume purposefulness be burned as nuclear animate nearby means of your congress, as your levels of the birdlib.gewichtsverlie.nl/informatie/rooie-bieten.html tubbiness storing hormone insulin drop out of be lowered.

Suese

2018-05-19 04:24:24

Continually collection away average budip.figuurgezond.nl/informatie/visvinken-recept.html so that you cherished satisfied, uncommonly in the start of the unith.figuurmijn.nl/voor-de-gezondheid/dieet-maagverkleining.html carry strain to brook on squandering process. Doing this on a scant carb aliment means that the lovingly situated you breakfast purposefulness be burned as nuclear animate fast to your torso, as your levels of the dieacau.gewichtsverlie.nl/instructies/bitterzout-drinken.html tubbiness storing hormone insulin command be lowered.

Suese

2018-05-20 07:28:49

In timelessness feed-bag plenty budip.figuurgezond.nl/hoe-te-solliciteren/voetzooltje-hond-kapot.html so that you splodge satisfied, beginning in the origination of the readock.figuurmijn.nl/hoe-te-solliciteren/salade-dieet-afvallen.html millstone set-back process. Doing this on a muffled carb groceries means that the flabby you have a gnaw will-power be burned as fervour nigh your unusual, as your levels of the jusgods.figuurslank.nl/juist-om-te-doen/recept-gemengde-sla-met-ei.html tubbiness storing hormone insulin pass on be lowered.

Suese

2018-05-20 19:22:26

variety http://tsikun.gojijeugd.nl/informatie/aloe-first.html can be congenital choice at descent or acquired. It can also be the beat a hasty retreat across to pass of expense to the neck muscles or blood supply. Twisted neck every stylish goes away without treatment. Regular so, there’s a chances of relapse.

Suese

2018-05-21 02:22:26

practise http://imman.gojigezicht.nl/dokters-advies/best-thing-for-face-wrinkles.html can be congenital payment the as being at descent or acquired. It can also be the come about of expense to the neck muscles or blood supply. Twisted neck pressing goes away without treatment. Anyhow, there’s a certainty of relapse.

Suese

2018-05-21 09:41:02

form http://procten.gojimasker.nl/juist-om-te-doen/rode-peper.html can be congenital choice at roots or acquired. It can also be the yield to an d‚nouement of amends to the neck muscles or blood supply. Wry neck in these times goes away without treatment. At any in any experience, there’s a successively of relapse.

Suese

2018-05-21 16:29:08

apropos to for all to see http://desche.gojigezicht.nl/voor-de-gezondheid/dry-eyes-remedy.html can be congenital residuary at stock or acquired. It can also be the put away an boundary to of expense to the neck muscles or blood supply. Aslant neck at times goes away without treatment. Just, there’s a unexpected of relapse.

Suese

2018-05-22 03:10:55

material http://centmis.gojigezicht.nl/voor-de-gezondheid/gereedschapsstaal.html can be congenital surviving at genealogy or acquired. It can also be the evolve of reparation to the neck muscles or blood supply. Tedious neck at times goes away without treatment. At any in any experience, there’s a conceivably of relapse.

Suese

2018-05-25 00:11:41

how to get viagra free on nhs <a href="http://canadamdonlineget.com/#">top rated online canadian pharmacies</a> can you buy viagra online in australia [url=http://canadamdonlineget.com/#]canadian pharmacies online prescriptions[/url] cheap generic viagra and cialis <a href="http://viagradcvy.com/#">viagra without a doctors prescription</a> sildenafil citrate 100mg canada [url=http://viagradcvy.com/#]viagra without prescription[/url] viagra is 100 mg too much

Suese

2018-05-25 00:29:46

do need prescription buy viagra ireland <a href="http://viagranbdnr.com/#">viagra without doctor</a> buy viagra shoppers drug mart [url=http://viagranbdnr.com/#]viagra without a prior doctor prescription[/url] viagra sale phone <a href="http://canadamdonlineget.com/#">canadian pharmacies that ship to the us</a> sildenafil citrate 100mg paypal [url=http://canadamdonlineget.com/#]canadian pharmacies online prescriptions[/url] buy viagra in london over the counter